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未知 发布时间:2020-10-28 10:33

1. By the summer, Elizabeth______ here for ten years .     

A. will work

B. works     

C. will have worked

D. has worked     

答案:C 将来完成时态。By指:到什么时间为止。    

2.After Jackson.______ for an hour, he came to the conclusion that Mrs.bennet was not coming.     A. waited

B. was waiting     

C. has waited. D. had been waiting .     

答案:D 过去进行时态。come to the conclusion 得出结论。    

3.I. hope you______ the instructions ready before I come tomorrow。    

A. to get

B. shall get     

C. will get D. will have gotten .     

答案:D 将来完成时态。tomorrow表示将来,get the instructions (指令,指示)这个动作在我回来之前已经完成。    

4. I'm meeting Even tonight. I______a Russion before

A. didn't ever meet

B. have never met

C. have ever met D. never met     

答案:B 现在完成时态。今天晚上我要见艾文,之前我从未见过一个俄 国人。never 从未。    5. All the apparatus______ before the experiment began.     

A. have been tested

B. B. had been tested     

C. C. were tested D. had tested     

D. 答案:B test apparatus:调试器械。这是一个过去完成时态,又是一个被动语态。    

E. 6. We'll leave as soon as it________ raining.     

F. A. is stoping

G.  B. stops     

H. C. will stop

I. D. shall stop     

J. 答案:B as soon as:一……就……雨一停我们就离开。用一般现在时表示将来时的一种特殊用法。stops这个动作还没有发生,但在as soon as后表示将要发生。    

7. We've already sent out the invitation cards, but we don't know how many people____.     A. come

B. are coming     

C. came

D. have come     

答案:B invitation 邀请;card 卡片,我们已经发出了请柬(invitation cards),但是我们不知道能有多少人来。这是一个一般将来时态,对于现在来说,请柬已经发出,所以用过去式sent out,但是“人们来”这个动作还没有发生,是将来的动作,所以用are coming.     

8. No sooner_______ than the accident happened.     

A. he had gone B. had he gone     C. his going D. he went     答案:B “no sooner……than……”(刚……就……),在 no sooner这部分应当用过去完成时,than 后面用一般过去时。AB都是过去完成时态,怎么选择?No sooner 的特殊用法,在其后面跟倒装语序,所以选B。    9. I had hoped Mr. Smith______ me an early reply.     

Gave B. to give     C. giving D. would give     答案:D 过去将来时。我希望史密斯先生能给我一个及早的答复。    10.Until yesterday, Miller's family_____ from him for six months.     A. hasn't heard B. hasn't been hearing     C. hadn't heard D. didn't bear     答案:C 过去完成时态。到昨天为止,Miller的家人已经有六个月没有他的消息了。until为信号词,后为完成时态。    11. Tailor looks sleepy. He must______ to bed very late last night.     A. had gone B. have gone     C. be going D. go     答案:B Tailor(人名)看起来有些困,他一定是昨天晚上睡觉太晚了。用must have done 这个结构,表示对过去发生动作的一种肯定性的猜测。    12. I_______ yesterday, but I was suspended by an unexpected visit.     A. came B. did come     C. was to come D. come     答案C 过去将来时态。be to do 在这里表示计划中的行动。Suspend 耽搁,暂停。    13. I don't know what Jeanie_____ at this time tomorrow.     A. does B. is doing     C. will be doingD. will do     答案:C 将来进行时态。我不知道明天这个时候Jeanie 在干什么。at this time tomorrow,信号词,说明是明天的这个时候发生的动作,所以是用将来进行时态。    14. Hardly______ when the bus suddenly pulled away.     

A. they had got to the bus stop

B. had they got to the bus stop     

C. did they get to the bus stop

D. they got to the bus stop     

答案:B hardly……when……(一……就……), hardly后应当用过去完成时,when 后面用一般过去时。hardly 的特殊用法,在其后面跟倒装语序,所以选B。    

15. Mother doesn't know much time I have spent in watching TV; if she ever found out ,I'm sure_______.     

A. she'd never forgive me

B. she never forgive me     

C. she'll never forgive me

D. she does never forgive me     

答案:A 过去将来时态。Forgive 原谅,Shed相当于:she would. 妈妈不知道我看电视花费了多长时间,如果她知道的话,我相信她将永远不会原谅我。    

16. The teacher told the students that the Earth_______round the Sun.     

A. moves

B. moved     

C. has moved

D. has been moving     

答案:A 客观存在,真理性的,规律性的,没有时态变化,都用一般现在时。    

17. While the secretary_______ his desk, he found the long lost report.     

A. had been cleaning

B. is cleaning     

C. has been cleaning

 D. was cleaning     

答案:D 过去进行时态。while是一个信号词,表示一个时间点。    

18. As soon as he______ his error, Rockfeller made the necessary corrections to his data collected.     A. discovered

B. has discovered    

C. discovers

D. had discovered     

答案:D 过去完成时态。发现错误这个动作发生在纠正数据那个动作之前,而改正数据的动作用的是过去时态,所以,发生在过去的过去的动作就用过去完成时态。error 错误。correction 改正,是名词。data 数据。    

19. Fred believed that his friend_______ by his employer a month or so ago.     

A. had been promoted

B. has been promoted     

C. has promoted

D. had promoted     

答案:A employer 雇主,老板;or so 大约;promote 提升,升职。通过believed我们看出来,这句话的语境是过去时,提升这个动作发生在过去的过去,用过去完成时。答案就看AD两个选哪个呢?他的朋友是被提升,所以用被动语态,显然用A被动语态。    

20. I think I'll wait until the mail______ .     

A. should come

B. is coming     

C. Comes

D. will come     

答案:C mail 邮件,信件。这是用现在时表示将来时的一种用法。信号词是until.     

21. We could have bought a new car last year ,but we really____ it.     

A. can't afford

B. couldn't afford     

C. won't afford

D. unable to afford     

答案:B Afford 支付得起。一般过去时,信号词为last year.     

22. If you don't pay your taxes ,they______.     

A. have you arrested

B. will have you arrested     

C. must have you arrested

D. have you arrest     

答案:B 一般将来时。Pay taxes 交税。have you arrested你被逮捕。Have sb done 使某人做某事。    

23. I _______meeting you ever since we parted.     

A. was looking forward to

B. have been looking forward to     

C. had been looking forward to

D. looked forward to     

答案:B 现在完成时态。表示渴望见你这个动作从过去一直延续到现在以至于将来。look forward to 渴望,想要……。ever since 自从…… 。    

24. Mary ____in the garden when it began to rain.     

A. was walking

B .walked     

C. walking

D. had walked     

答案:A 过去进行时态。Be doing 形式,正在进行的动作。当天开始下雨的时候,Mary 正在公园散步。when it began to rain 天开始下雨发生在过去,所以主句用过去进行时。    25.Where have you been? What _____ ?     

A. did you do

B. have you been doing     

C. have made

D. were you doing     

答案:B 现在完成进行时态。通过上下句来识别时态。    

26.The boy couldn’t go to sleep because he _____ too long.     

A. was talking

B. talked     

C. would talk

D. had been talking     

答案:D 过去完成进行时态,过去完成进行时的语法结构是:had been doing. 表示过去某一时刻以前,一直延续的一个动作。    

27. She has been studying here for five years and by the end of next summer she _____.     A. will graduate

B. will be graduating     

C. will be graduated

D. will have graduated     

答案:D 将来完成时态。by the end of next summer 为信号词。    

28. By the end of 1976, we _____ the demand for petroleum.     

A. met

B. have met     

C. had met

D. had been meeting     

答案:C 过去完成时态。By the end of 1976 为信号词。    

29. When you come tonight at eight o’clock, I _____ eight lessons.     

A. would review

 B. shall review     

C. shall have reviewed

D. shall be reviewing     

答案:C 将来完成时态。Review 温习,复习。    

30. Make sure that the doors _____ before you go out.     

A. locked

B. are loked     

C. will locked

D. lock     

答案:B 被动语态。在你出去之前确信门是被锁着的。Make sure 确信,loke 锁。门是动作的接受者,故用被动语态。






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